Healthier, Wealthier Children(HWC) aims to contribute to reducing child poverty by helping families with money worries. The project is working closely with antenatal and community child health services to target pregnant women and families with young children experiencing, or at risk of, child poverty, as costs increase and employment patterns change around the birth of a child.
The project offers income maximisation advice for families experiencing child poverty and will aim to prevent families from falling into child poverty by working with health and early years services to identify families at risk at an early stage. Consequently the main service groups targeted for providing referrals to Healthier, Wealthier Children income maximisation services will be, in the first instance, midwives and other antenatal service staff, health visitors, oral health and breastfeeding advisers, parenting support workers, and early education staff.The initiative has been running since October 2010. As of August 2020, financial gain is estimated at £36,462,342 from 26,687 referrals. Healthier Wealthier Children models are cited as a requirement of Scotland’s Child Poverty action plan and similar models have been developed in Australia, Sweden and Newham in East London
The principles of the initiative are being rolled out nationally. NHSGGC staff are linking with Health Scotland on this.
The initiative is cited in:
- Equally Well Annual Reports
- National Child Poverty Strategy
- National Early Years Collaborative
Almost half of the children in Greater Glasgow and Clyde live in low income households, ranging from 25% in East Renfrewshire to 69% in East Glasgow . Addressing child poverty is a key Scottish Government strategy for improving children’s health and well-being and is supported by the strategies, Equally Well, Achieving Our Potential and the Early Years Framework. Maximising families’ income is one element of addressing child poverty and a practical action that health and social care service providers can offer with the right support. A collaboration between NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde (NHSGGC), Glasgow City Council (GCC) and Glasgow Centre for Population Health (GCPH) with additional support from other council partners has been successful in attracting funding from the Scottish Government Social Inclusion Division for a Child Poverty and Financial Inclusion Project.
The funding of £1,058,375 was secured for 15 months from January 2010 to provide income maximisers and development officers for all Community Health (and Care) Partnerships across NHSGGC. It builds on actions taken by NHSGGC to meet the objectives outlined in the Scottish Government Health Directorates Chief Executive Letter (CEL) 36 for improving nutrition for families living in disadvantage. CEL 36 implementation included work to improve uptake of the UK-wide Healthy Start programme and through this identified a gap in financial service provision for families attending antenatal and postnatal health services.
Building on the Healthy Start work, the Project supports the development of expertise within financial inclusion services and health structures for addressing child poverty by targeting income maximisation advice to pregnant women and families with infants and young children. The main aims of the Project are to:
- Test out a partnership model of providing income maximisation advice at a local level; and
- Develop a strategic approach to linking this service provision with health and other services in the longer term.
The Project is implemented through all HSCPs across Greater Glasgow and Clyde. Income maximisers in HSCPs and development officers will be employed across the whole of NHSGGC to establish referral and information pathways between health and financial inclusion service structures. The Project targets families with children under 5 attending health and early years services although some exceptions will be allowed. For example, particular attention is paid to picking up families who face additional barriers to maximising their incomes such as in the case of kinship carers, or where affordable childcare is unavailable.
NHSGGC has a Financial Inclusion Group, which reports to NHSGGC Corporate Management Team. The Healthier Wealthier Children Project Steering Group reports to the NHSGGC Financial Inclusion group Low income households are defined here as being in receipt of any benefits, out of work or in work (2006 data, GCPH analysis, 2009)
Definitions and Standards
What is financial inclusion?
Financial inclusion means that individuals have access to appropriate financial products and services. This includes people having the skills, knowledge and confidence to use these products and services
Financial Inclusion Guidance for staff
NHSGGC has developed Guidance for staff on money worries. This guidance includes working with patients and sources of support for staff who have money worries.
Health benefits of financial inclusion
Summary Report: The Health Benefits of Financial Inclusion
Addressing financial exclusion is a priority for health service providers because it has the potential to reduce health inequalities and tackle the social determinants of ill-health. People living with long term ill-health or disability are more likely to be living in poverty, a key factor in poorer health outcomes. The NHS has contact with people as part of their rehabilitation and self care pathway and therefore an opportunity to support people’s wider social needs.
To develop an inequalities sensitive health service NHSGGC wishes to skill health practitioners to understand the social issues and structural inequalities facing their patients, support patients with these and have the capacity to refer them to appropriate services. Current evidence shows that the health inequality gap is widening and the current economic downturn is likely to worsen the situation for our most deprived communities and excluded groups; including women, black and minority ethnic people, disabled people, homeless people, refugees and asylum seekers. Financial exclusion is a growing concern in this context and so more needs to be known about the role of financial inclusion interventions in improving health.
About the Review
To date, NHSGGC has piloted a number of financial inclusion initiatives. A Financial Inclusion Group has been established to draw lessons from current practice and mainstream good practice in a sustainable way. It has developed an action plan, which it reviews regularly. To inform the work of the Financial Inclusion Group, the Scottish Poverty Information Unit (Glasgow Caledonian University) was commissioned to conduct a literature review. The broad aim of the review was to summarise the health benefits of financial inclusion identified in existing research and involved:
- A review of evidence of the health and quality of life impacts of financial inclusion initiatives, with particular reference to collating evidence of NHS-based interventions & the health benefits of these
- Exploring models of practice and learning to improve practice and identify evidence of the tools and barriers that exist
- Reviewing research methods used in existing studies
- Development of recommendations about future policy, practice and research
The research team undertook a Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA). REAs provide a balanced assessment of what is already known about a policy or practice issue. The method is appropriate for this review because the policy area is relatively new and there are few existing studies. It focused on English language sources and data, and on reports published in the last 10 years, with an emphasis on UK studies.
This review identified 16 key studies or journal articles which have reported health and social outcomes of financial inclusion interventions. It is clear that NHS has long recognised the value of improving access to welfare benefits and income maximisation in tackling health inequalities. Initiatives that tackle the broader issues relating to financial exclusion, such as financial awareness or financial capability are relatively recent. Many of these new initiatives remain at the early stages and few have been evaluated, particularly for their impact on health. This presents opportunities for future evaluation and research to explore the health impacts of these approaches.
All 16 of the studies identified discuss heath impacts of advice provision. Only two evaluated additional approaches including financial exclusion awareness raising sessions, money management guidance, or development activities. The studies generally focused on the provision of welfare benefits advice including income maximisation work. However, Citizens Advice Bureaux (CAB) and many other advice services advise clients on a range of social, legal and welfare rights issues (including, for example, housing, employment, taxation and debt) and several studies highlight the wide range of issues addressed and the fact that individual clients may raise more than one problem.
The main message from across the studies is that both qualitative and quantitative methods identify benefits from advice in terms of improved mental health, reduced stress or anxiety and better quality of life, but there is less evidence of improvements to physical health. Relatively short follow-on study periods and other methodological issues are suggested to have contributed to modest results in some studies.
Where projects have involved targeting vulnerable groups there is limited evidence of analysis of the different situations or the impacts for groups within target populations, for example, on the basis of gender, age, ethnic origin, disability or learning difficulties. Strategies that work for one group or situation can inform work with other groups but may not always be effective. Research and evaluation need to go beyond recording the characteristics of service users and explore different needs, impacts and outcomes of advice. However, this work should also be informed by a growing body of research on effective practice in financial inclusion work.
Benefits for Health and wellbeing
One assessment of work to date is that there is little need to conduct additional work to determine whether welfare rights advice has a financial effect but the potential benefits for health and wellbeing remain largely theoretical. Both qualitative and quantitative research has however identified that financial inclusion interventions can impact positively on people’s mental health and well-being. The importance and value of this has been under-played in the literature. The relationship between debt and mental health and the wider effects of addressing the stress and anxiety of debt and low income is a clear area for future research.
The review has also identified opportunities to further develop existing approaches to tackling financial exclusion. For example, in addition to welfare rights and debt advice, other linked areas of policy and practice have the potential to be considered in integrated approaches to financial inclusion because they are strongly linked to the issues of poverty and ill-health. Addressing fuel poverty is one area that has been highlighted. Prevention of homelessness and eviction and re-housing of homeless individuals is another area in which the right advice and support is essential to addressing the situation of people who are likely to have health and/ or addiction issues.
These wider issues also serve to highlight the need for a broader agenda in research that takes more account of the complexities of people’s lives. The review raised questions about whether enough account has been taken of the effects for different groups of people and different health circumstances (for example acute and chronic health conditions, mental health problems).
Evidence of effective practice exists, but this would benefit from further development. In particular advice needs, like health needs, are often not static and some flexibility in service design may be needed to respond to changing needs. For example, someone diagnosed with a condition involving long-term management or a long period of recovery may have particular and different advice needs at the point of diagnosis, when entering or leaving hospital as an in-patient and during periods of recovery or deteriorating health. Such an approach would be consistent with the aim of holistic provision and the aims of providing seamless services and the use of the pathways approach. Training and information sharing are necessary components for ensuring that health and financial inclusion professionals have the right levels of awareness and expertise for the work they do.
Financial inclusion is an area of mutual concern for local government and health services. It has much potential to contribute to better understanding of how services can help to reduce health inequalities and address any unintended consequences of the way services currently work.
Recommendations for Research
There is considerable potential for financial inclusion initiatives to contribute to an agenda for improving health. To gain a better understanding of the impact on health the following approaches to research are recommended:
- More research is needed to broaden understanding of the importance of factors such as gender, family circumstances, age, ethnicity or disability for different groups within target populations to improving health, wellbeing and quality of life through financial inclusion work
- For its contribution to be understood better and the social impacts of financial inclusion taken into account more fully, there is a need for multi-disciplinary research involving people with expertise in both health and financial inclusion
- More mixed-method and holistic, qualitative approaches should be adopted and more sensitive research tools developed for assessing the impact of financial inclusion and that is relevant for target groups
- Longitudinal studies are required, lasting beyond the one year duration of most studies in the past, particularly to understand more about the impacts on physical health and the potential for financial inclusion to contribute to reducing the physical health risks associated with poor mental health.
Recommendations for Practice
Recommendations for practical approaches to take forward financial inclusion work within NHSGGS include the following:
- Project and service monitoring should reflect both project and wider policy priorities, for example, monitoring for family situation / relationships, dependents and caring roles
- Financial inclusion development and evaluation should take account of the reach to different groups, including within target populations
- Existing research and practical guidance can inform this area of work, including adaptation of existing effective practice to reach new groups
- Consistent with holistic service provision and the pathway of care approach, projects and services should be developed in a way that recognises the importance of responding to changing needs over time
- NHSGGC should consider how addressing fuel poverty can be incorporated within its approach to financial inclusion and the linked issues of housing circumstances, including the risk of or actual homelessness, that are potentially important areas for advice and support
- There may be a need for wider links, for example with services addressing advice on homelessness and benefits, including CABs and Shelter, in a broad agenda to tackle financial exclusion
- Partnership working should involve health and financial service providers, but also service users and carers and the services that support them, for example, key workers. Consideration should be given to involving other service providers such as in housing and domestic fuel supply.
- Training, awareness raising and capacity building are needed for staff, not to become experts in new areas, but to refer effectively, for example: training for staff in financial inclusion work on issues such as health needs, or mental health first aid; for health service staff on the breadth of rights and entitlements, sources of help and when and how to refer; and for all groups, equality and diversity training may be important, particularly in projects involving screening of potential clients for financial inclusion interventions.
The full report is available to download at the Scottish Poverty Information Unit website:
Case Study 1- Mum with two children under seven, one with learning difficulties
- Mum with 2 children under 7. Son suffering from learning difficulties and bowel problems. Mum required replacement bed and bedding, washing machine and clothes. Community Care grant of £373 awarded after initial rejection. Only successful because money advice service persisted given patient under severe emotional and financial pressure.
- Disability Living Allowance applied for. Son awarded high rate care for 2 years on 5th April but the award was backdated to 11th March. Mum did not wish to appeal the fact that no mobility component was awarded.
- As there was an award of high rate care this led onto the client being eligible for Carer’s Allowance. Third appointment made to complete forms and benefit awarded. A backdate had been requested and granted to the 11th March when the DLA was awarded.
- his then led to a review of patient’s Income Support so that all relevant premiums could be added and recalculated.
- Patient went from receiving £255.00 per week to now receiving £451.71 per week for all benefits.
- All backdated money received as lump sum was £2,360
Client says: “I have found the service really beneficial and was shocked at how much I was actually entitled to after the Job Centre initially rejected my case. If only there were a million X [Income Maximisers] out there.”
Case Study 2- Working mum on maternity leave
- Working mum on maternity leave, still living with parents, had never accessed the benefits system before. On the 36th week of pregnancy, the patient was referred to the money advice service by her midwife, allowing money advice service to begin a full assessment of her needs.
- After explaining what statutory pay entitlements the mum would get, a benefit check revealed that she would only be eligible for benefits after the birth of the baby.
- Mum agreed to come back for a second appointment to help her to apply for the relevant benefits, including Child Tax Credits, Sure Start Maternity Grant and Child Benefit.
- The Sure Start Maternity Grant would only be applicable after the qualifying benefit of Child Tax Credits was awarded. At the third appointment, this was applied for after the good news came through about the Child Tax Credits.
- All in all, the mum will receive a net gain in benefits awarded of just under £4,890 for the year
Case Study 3 – Young couple with three children, two with disabilities
A young couple with 3 children, the youngest 2 are under 5 and each has a disability. Dad works full time in fairly low paid employment with mum at home full time caring for the children. The couple are owner occupiers. Mum finds it very difficult to go out with the children as she is unable to use public transport and taxis are too expensive. Due to the children’s mobility difficulties, Mum and the children spend most of their time at home which means heating the home for most of the day and night. Due to the children’s disabilities mum has to do lots of laundry. These factors are having a big impact on the family’s energy bills. Debt has been accrued with Brighthouse, a high street weekly payment household goods store, totalling £6000 for a suite and a tv. Weekly payments to Brighthouse are £33 with 2 payments remaining on the suite. The family Health Visitor suggested a referral to HWC following a diagnosis of significant disability of youngest child. Mum commented she did not think that a child of 2 and half years would be entitled to DLA but was happy for the referrals to be made.
Following referral to HWC the Income Maximiser assisted the family in applying for additional benefits. The family were awarded Middle Rate Disability Living Allowance (DLA) and disabled child element of tax credits. This amounted to an additional £47.80 and £52.21 extra per week respectively. Mum stated that the extra money will help with taxi costs, she can now afford hackney style taxis to get out and about to hospital appointments; this had been a problem in the past with the larger style pram. Mum can also afford taxis to go to clubs and support groups in her area. The extra money will also go towards utilities bills and mum will not have to worry as much about times when she has to heat the house for days at a time, i.e. winter 10/11 was a very worrying time. A benefit check also revealed that the couple were entitled to Council Tax Benefit, they assumed they wouldn’t be as they were owner occupiers, this saved the family £943.44 per year.
The couple were also supported to apply for a mentored loan of £500 from their local credit union and Money Matters, the income maximiser also negotiated the return of the tv to Brighthouse. A tv was purchased from a local supermarket for under £500 with repayments on the mentored loan £12 per week, £2 of which is savings with the credit union.
Engagement with the service has clearly brought about significant improvement for this couple and while this may not be the case for everyone it highlights the potential contribution Health Visitors and other key health staff groups can make to reducing child poverty
Case Study 4 – Client with two children recently separated from partner
Client referred by family support worker. Client recently separated from partner very stressed.
- Young women with two children one under 5 with long term illness.
- Child has had various operations but has not been diagnosed.
- Income Max got support to complete D.L.A application for child
- Client has a lot of Debt to Brighthouse to a sum of £6,000 for a suite and television and a small amount to Provident, client paying off debt at £33.00 a week.
- Client only had 2 payments to go to finish of paying for suite but had just got the television.
- Income Max got client a mentored loan through Credit union and Money Matters for £500.
- Money Matters negotiated with Brighthouse for client to return television.
- With the £500 loan the client bought a new television from Tesco.
- Client now only paying £12 per week back for mentored Loan of which £2.00 is being put into her credit union, by the time client has paid off loan she have savings for the first time.
- Money Matters got her re-payments to Provident down to a £1 per week and changed clients energy over to the social tariff saving her another £7.00 per week.
- Client was unsuccessful on the first application for D.L.A – Welfare Rights Officer appealed was given D.L.A and higher rate tax credit and carers allowance which has given the family an additional £130 per week.
Taken nearly 5 months work to get final outcomes
Case Study 5 – Single mum with young baby
Client a young single mum with young baby who is concerned about debt
- Client has been given a £50 fine for dropping a crisp bag in the street on her estate by community warden.
- Client not able to pay fine.
- Income Max telephoned Community Warden Team to appeal as mother said she didn’t mean to drop it; it fell out of the pram.
- Community Warden team said “you can appeal for fines for dog pooh or cigarettes but not litter”.
- Income max explained client’s situation – Community Warden gave client extension of 4 weeks to pay.
- Client still not able to get the money together in time.
- Income Max telephoned again to see if she could pay it back so much a week.
- Case now has been sent to Sheriff court and the fine had gone up to £75.00 for non payment.
- Income Max eventually managed to get the court to agree that client to pay £5.00 each week which would be taken of her benefits to pay the fine.
- Court would not waiver the additional £25.00 interest added due to late payment.
- Have taken this case to Council representative and suggested that maybe instead of a fine that in some cases individuals could be told to attend a two hour awareness session on the environment which might be more appropriate. Instead of increasing peoples debt.
Case Study 6 – Mother not receiving Healthy Start vouchers
Referral from Social work support worker- Mother not receiving Healthy Start vouchers.
- Client had put in 4 applications for Healthy Start Vouchers never received anything.
- Income Max contacted Healthy Start Helpline and was told that client must have moved address and not informed Healthy Start therefore 1st application not valid
- 2nd application midwife wrote the wrong estimated delivery date on the application again void (no letter ever sent to client)
- 3rd application H/V did not put her postcode of work base therefore application void. (even although H/V tel on the form)
- Income Max appealed against decision and asked if vouchers payment could be backdated is it was not client’s fault.
- Healthy Start at first said no and every time Income Max telephoned they would give a different reason why client was not entitled to backdated money. No consistency at all with the helpline staff.
- When Income Max quoted something from the Healthy Start booklet in defence of client helpline staff stated that the booklet was wrong.
- Income Max e-mailed Rights adviser who she had met the week before at a training event and told her the story. The Rights adviser advised Income Max that the booklet was correct.
- Income Max eventually got clients claim backdated and client received £269.00 for backdated money alone
Case Study 7- Family with disabled child
Due to the intervention of an Income Maximiser, a family where one of the parents was working, discovered that they were entitled to extra weekly benefits totalling £140.
This was because the youngest of their three children have disabilities and have now been awarded Middle Rate Disability Allowance of £47.80 and the disabled child element of tax credits, equal to £52.21.
The additional cash is easing the financial burden because the mum is unable to work, staying at home to look after the younger children.
Because of the children’s mobility problems they were unable to use public transport and since taxis are expensive, a lot of time was spent at home.
And the children’s disabilities means that mum has a lot of laundry to do, adding to the energy bills.
Now the family can afford taxis to attend hospital appointments, clubs and support groups in their area and have more money to put towards utility bills.
Case Study 8- Family with one parent in full-time low paid employment
A home owning family involved mum working full-time in a low paid job, with dad looking after their three young children.
They spoke to a Health Visitor Support Worker about their financial concerns and stress and anxiety this was causing, but thought that they were receiving all of the benefits they could apply for.
An appointment with an Income Maximiser led to a benefit check being carried out which revealed that they were entitled to Council Tax Benefit, saving them £943.44 annually.
The parents reported that this extra help is reducing their financial pressures and stress and mum now felt able to look for a better paid job.
Also the family are now in a position to set aside money for any emergencies, such as replacing their washing machine and also buy the children new toys which they hadn’t been able to do for sometime.
Case Study 9 – Single parent with disabled child
A single parent was working part-time (on national minimum wage) and struggling to cope due to the needs of her only child who had been unwell for some time and was exhibiting behaviour and learning difficulties: the child had been undergoing investigation for strange seizures and was not adjusting well at school. When referred, the mother could no longer work due to stress and anxiety and was on sick leave: however, the employer was not paying SSP and the DWP would not award ESA because of the employer’s responsibility.
Fortunately, there occurred at this time a definitive diagnosis of absence epilepsy – a rare condition – which enabled a straight-forward claim for Disability Living Allowance: since the child was awarded high-rate care and low-rate mobility there was also a significant increase in the Child Tax Credits award. It was not really feasible for the parent to return to work due to the time and effort involved in caring for her child hence this meant applying for Income Support and Carer’s Allowance (including the carer’s premium on the I.S.)
In total, including back-dated payments, household income is now £337 per week or £17,524 over the course of the next year. This means that the parent can now focus solely on the support and development of her child and provide properly for additional needs.
Resources for Staff
Healthier Wealthier Children has developed a number of guidance tools for health and money advice services staff. These have been developed, by Healthier Wealthier Children workers, as a result of needs identified by frontline staff.
Guidance – Health staff
A Quick Guide to welfare benefits for families with children (pdf) has been used extensively in the project. It fits into staff diaries and is a good reference aid for staff when working with clients.
A Quick Guide to benefits for children with additional needs (pdf) is being piloted with Health Visitors within short awareness sessions about Child Disability Living Allowance . The project found many misperceptions about what children are eligible for DLA and application processes.
Guidance – Money Advice Services Staff
A non-engagement protocol (pdf) has been developed with the aim of providing a standard approach for managing Healthier Wealthier Children referrals across NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde and increasing efficiency of services to respond to referrals. It is considered an example of good practice on managing referralas by NHSGGC’s Strategic Financial Inclusion Group.
Guidance on dealing with sensitive patient issues (pdf). This outlines what is expected and not expected of Money Advice Services staff when dealing with NHS clients, who may disclose complex health issues.
Good Practice Reports
There have been a number of reports collated on innovative work in Healthier Wealthier Children.
In Inverlcyde, Barnardos provide a groupwork programme for pregnant women with complex needs. Healthier Wealthier Children was integrated into this approach which resulted in increased patient engagement with Money Advice Services.
In South East Glasgow, engagement and training for nurseries resulted in better partnership working between health visitors, nurseries and Healthier Wealthier Children and improved care pathways for patients.
An Equality Impact Assessment (EQIA) was carried out for the project overall with some local areas also carrying out EQIAs.
The project has been innovative in providing a service in 48 locations across NHSGGC. This has been mapped against deprivation levels to inform service planning post project.
Development Workers across NHSGGC collated good practice and challenges with Healthy Start implementation.
Money worries and budgeting were integrated into a pilot project on antenatal cookery classes in North West Glasgow. This pilot was targeted for pregnant women who have complex needs. Budgeting with Healthy Start vouchers and use of Healthy Start vitamins were covered in the pilot.
Development Workers and, at times, Income Maximisers have carried out a wide range of awareness sessions and training to health and other staff. It has also included innovative work in, for example, nurseries and weaning fairs of referral options for parents and training for Health Visitors on the links between employability and financial inclusion.
Two standard presentations (shorter and longer versions) were developed on child poverty for frontline staff.
Child Poverty Presentation (short version)
Child Poverty Presentation (long version)
In addition, Development Workers and Income Maximisers themselves have shown a high commitment to learning. HWC provided induction training and an induction pack (pdf) on welfare reform and welfare benefits for children and families and equalities monitoring. Poverty Alliance Scotland have provided Poverty Awareness Training and Training for Trainers. Child Poverty Action Group provided training on specific issues for children including Child Disability Living Allowance.
The good practice within Healthier Children was also recognised in the Equally Well Review and in NHSGGC’s response to Scotland’s Child Povery Strategy:
Video Resource for staff
Healthier Wealthier Children, in collaboration with NHS Education for Scotland and IRISS, have produced a video that highlights the challenges and opportunities in raising the issue of money worries with clients.
Money Worries – A case study of how professionals in health and social care services ask and respond to client’s money worries. Rose Sloan, a special needs in pregnancy service midwife at Inverclyde Royal Hospital, talks about the importance of raising the issue of money worries with clientshttps://player.vimeo.com/video/50375916?color=ffffff&title=0&byline=0&portrait=0
Healthier Wealthier Children: Responding To Money Worries from Mindreel.
Documents and Publications
- Maximising opportunutues: final evaluation report of the Healthier, Wealthier Children (HWC) project (pdf)
- Healthier, Wealthier Children: learning from an early intervention child poberty project – Phase 2 evaluation report (pdf)
- Naven, L; Egan J (2013) Addressing Child Poverty in Scotland: The role of nurses. Primary Health Care, 23: 5: pp 16-22
- Working to promote Healthier, Wealthier Children in NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Naven, L (2014) – GCPH blog post
- Shields N, Egan J (2012) “NHS innovations on child poverty: financial inclusion interventions” Health Service Journal June 28th
- Renfrewshire Healthier Wealthier Children Annual Report 2014
- Learning from an early intervention child poverty project – Exec Summary 2013 (PDF)
- Healthy Start and Child Poverty – A children and families financial inclusion project
- Setting the context for Glasgow’s respose to child poverty – a working paper (pdf)
- Developing a strategic response to child poverty in Glasgow -July 2010 (pdf)
- Wakefield S (2008) Child Poverty: prevalence in Scotland, causes and effects and policy responses (pdf)
- Scottish Government (2008) Achieving our potential: a framework to tackle income inequality and poverty in Scotland
- Scottish Government (2008) Equally Well: Report of the Ministerial Task Force on Health Inequalities
- Women, Children and Poverty: Report of a Public Health Network seminar, jointly sponsored by NHSGGC and Glasgow Caledonian University, exploring gender and poverty 2010 (pdf)
- Health benefits of financial inclusion: A literature review (pdf)
- NHSGGC Employability, Financial Inclusion and Responding to the Recession (pdf)
- Child Poverty Seminar October 2009
- The Social Fund: a review of selected literature – Research Findings
Press release in News Medical Online, following this publication entitled “Study evaluates role of midwives, health visitors in tackling child poverty” (2013) Press release by RCN Publishing Company in www.alphagalileo.org entitled “Nurses help fight child poverty in Scotland” (11th June 2013) The Herald 6th March 2011 “Child poverty project which makes a real difference” Evening Times 17th Oct 2013 “£4.5m boost for families in poverty battle” Featured in Evening Times 7th Nov 2014 “Advisors deliver £20 million health boost” and Kirkintilloch Herald 5 Nov “Income advice scheme saves £20 million” Features in Glasgow Advice and Information Network newsletter – Jan 2011; Nov 2011; Aug 2012; NHSGGC Health News – April 2011, Sept/Oct 2011; October 2014; Clydebank Post – June 2011; Herald Features Article (Stephen Naismith) – July 2012; Paisley Daily Express – Jan 2012; Children in Scotland Newsletter – Jan 2012; Herald parenting supplement – Sept 2012
- Scottish Government
- Scottish Government (2007) Getting it Right For Every Child
- Scottish Government (2008) Early years Framework
- Scottish Poverty Inofrmation Unit
- Glasgow Centre for Population Health (GCPH)
- Equalities in Health
- Money Advice Scotland
- Save the Children
- Scottish Poverty Information Unit
- Poverty Alliance
- Growing up in Scotland
- Maternal and Early Years for early years workers
- Money made clear