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All semen analyses within Greater Glasgow and Clyde NHS Trust are carried out by the Andrology Laboratory within the Pathology Department of the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital.

The laboratory is able to perform the following analyses:

  • Sub-Fertility
  • Post Vasectomy
  • Reversal of Vasectomy
  • Antegrade Ejaculation (spinal injuries)
  • Retrograde Ejaculation
Clinical Tests Available
Name of TestSpecimen/Container Requirements:Further Information:
  Semen AnalysisSemen analysis is strictly by pre-booked appointment only.

Andrology semen analyses are requested by clinicians/G.P.’s The specimen should be brought by the patient at their appointment time and within one hour of production (sub-fertility and reversal of vasectomy or two hours of production (post vasectomy).

Please refer to Patient leaflet for more information

Only Laboratory provided containers will be accepted for analysis. 

These are available as part of the specimen kit. Specimen kits  are available on request from:

Andrology Department, Level 3, Laboratory Medicine and Facilities Management Building, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, 1345 Govan Rd, Glasgow, G51 4TF (0141 354 9488).
Booking an Appointment

Appointments can be arranged by either the requesting clinician/GP or directly by the patient when the have been issued a kit by their referring clinician/GP.

They are booked by telephoning the Pathology Department Office on 0141 354 9487, option 1 “Andrology Appointments”. This booking in service is available between 9:00am – 12:00pm and 1:00pm – 4:00pm Monday to Friday (excluding public holidays).

Currently due to measures put in place to limit the spread/risk of COVID-19 transmission, appointments are only available between 9:00am and 15:00pm.

Interpreter Services

Usually, a range of spoken language and British sign language interpreters are available on request. Please ensure these are booked at the time of making an appointment.

Patient Preparation – Specimen Kits

Each patient should be issued with a specimen kit comprising of the following:-

  • In-date laboratory toxicity tested specimen container (60mls)
  • Request form [PATH-AND-LF-027]
  • Directions to the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital GC0145
  • How the NHS handles your data 2018 leaflet L00089
  • Either a sub fertility leaflet [PATH-AND-LI-001] or post vasectomy leaflet [PATH-AND-LI-002]

To obtain a supply of these kits please contact the laboratory on 0141 354 9488 from 9:00am – 5:00pm, Monday – Friday (excluding public holidays).

Attending an Appointment During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Whilst samples can currently be produced on site, there is very limited availability, due to the added precautions put in place to ensure the health and safety of both our staff and patients attending andrology appointments.

Current WHO Lower Reference Values of Semen Variables

The lower reference values as published in the WHO manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen (2010) are shown in the table below. These values represent the quality of semen where a couple may expect to achieve a pregnancy within 12 months of unprotected intercourse. Semen is a non-homogenous fluid and measurements cannot be completely accurate as is evidenced in the confidence limits provided.

ParameterLower Reference ValueConfidence Limits
Volume≥ 1.5 ml1.4 – 1.7 ml
Sperm Concentration≥ 15 Million/ml12 – 16  Million/ml
Sperm Morphology≥ 4 %3 – 4 %
Total Motility (PR+NP)≥ 40 % (within 1 hour of production)38 – 42 %
Progressive Motility (PR)≥ 32  % (within 1 hour of production)31 – 34 %
 Other consensus threshold values
pH7.2 or more 

Lower reference limits (5th centiles and their 95% confidence intervals) for semen characteristics